Balenciaga Fashion Brand Information

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Balenciaga Fashion Brand Biography

The Balenciaga fashion house was founded by Cristobel Balenciaga, in 1914. Christobel was noted as one of the few designers in history that used his own hands to design, cut and sew the designs that symbolised the height of his artistry.

Early life and education of Christobel Balenciaga

  • Born in the Basque Country of Spain, he studied dressmaking as a child.
  • By the time he was 20 he had his own boutique in Spain.


  • The Spanish Civil War broke out in 1936 and he was forced to close his stores and move to Paris.
  • His success in Paris was instant, with the French saluting him as revolutionary.


  • He became an innovator in the fashion industry after WW2 with designs that changed the standard, accepted silhouette for women’s fashion.
  • In 1951 he created ground breaking garments by removing the waist, and making items with broader shoulders.
  • Following this, in 1957 he introduced designs that included the high-waisted baby-doll dress, balloon skirt and the sack dress.
  • His manoeuvring of the waist line is considered to be his biggest contribution to the fashion industry.
  • Fashion designers such as Oscar de la Renta, Emmanuel Ungaro and Hubert de Givenchy all worked for Balenciaga. They then went on to establish their own fashion houses with much success.

Present Day

  • This great Fashion House is now owned by the Gucci Group and is probably most famous for their Lariat bags designed by Nicholas Ghesquière.
  • Stars like Sienna Miller, Jennifer Garner, Kim Kardashian and Jennifer Connelly have all been dressed for the red carpet by Balenciaga, with Nicole Kidman choosing the fashion house to create her wedding gown for her marriage to country crooner, Keith Urban.
  • Chloë Sevigny is credited as Nicolas Ghesquière’s muse and is also frequently photographed in his clothing.


“In a Balenciaga you were the only woman in the room – no other woman existed” – Diana Vreeland



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